What is HTML? The Basics Explained
HTML an acronym for Hypertext Markup Language was developed by Tim Burners-Lee in the year 1990. Every web pages you see on the internet is written using one of the versions of HTML.
HTML help the text to do more than just be present on a page. It can be used to display text, images, tables, links, lists, and much more. It is pretty easy to learn HTML as compared to other computer languages. HTML is not a programming language and it does not have the ability to create dynamic functionality. Let’s now dig a little deeper to have a clear idea about what is HTML.
What is HTML?
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is used to create web pages and web applications. “Hypertext” means “link within the text.” The moment you click on the hypertext, you will be moved to the new web page displayed on the World Wide Web (WWW). Whereas, a markup language is a computer language that uses tags to define elements in the document. It is a human-readable language which helps you design a beautiful web page hassle-free.
HTML has evolved a lot to meet the requirements and demands of the users. All the web browsers like Firefox, Safari, Chrome very well understand this universally accepted standard markup language.
Uses of HTML
HTML is responsible for the entire and exact formatting of text and images. And it lets a browser to display all the content in the defined format. Thus, you will get the intended appearance. No matter what type of website you’re viewing, be it a modern website with slideshows, videos, forms or just a simple text, the HTML will be accountable for organizing each and everything.
HTML is liable to decide which part of the web page is the footer, which is a header, where you can place images, where to show paragraphs, where to embed videos – HTML handles just everything. Nonetheless, it is the most fundamental building block in website development life cycle.
How Does it Work?
HTML includes a sequence of short-codes typed into a text file known as tags. And you can save the file as an .html file which you can view via a web browser. The browser then reads the file and renders the text into human-readable form.
Likewise, HTML has opening and closing tags for the proper execution of the document. The tags separate the normal text from the HTML code. Different tags serve different purposes. The common tags that an HTML page will include are HEAD, BODY, TITLE, P (for paragraph) and Heading tags. This can be seen in the following example:
<html> <head> <title>This is an HTML Web Page</title> </head> <body> <h2>Page Heading</h2> <p>Web Page Paragraph</p> </body> </html>
Firstly, the <HTML> tag in the above code indicates the document to be “type HTML” to a web browser. Secondly, the <HEAD> tag contains a <TITLE> tag which is used to display the title at the top of a web browser. And the third tag <BODY> tag carries the viewable information in the HTML document and incorporates a header tag <H2> and paragraph tag <P>. Against every opening tag there should be an equivalent closing tag i.e. <p></p> .
A Brief History of HTML Versions
HTML has been evolved a lot since its inception. Basically, HTML is the backbone of a web page. And with every new version of HTML, it is raising the standards, making it cleaner with more advanced features than ever before. So you can create more robust websites. Let’s take a look at the history of HTML.
1. HTML 1.0 Released in 1991
The first version of HTML had very limited features to offer. It had a vision of sharing readable information which can be accessed through web browsers. There wasn’t much that you could do with the language and there were not many web developers. Thereupon, it wasn’t growing.
2. HTML 2.0 Released in 1995
In 1994, a new version of HTML was released i.e. HTML2 with some additional features along with the previous features of HTML 1. It became the first official set of standards for HTML for designing websites until January 1997. HTML 2 was set as a benchmark for web creation.
3. HTML 3.0 Released in 1997
The HTML group in association with Dave Ragget, introduced the HTML 3.0 draft with various new features. It gained enough popularity on the web. But it wasn’t good enough and had some limitation in the design so it was abandoned soon.
That’s when HTML 3.2 came into existence to deal with the problem of browser-specific tags. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), created the WILBUR standard, which was later known as HTML 3.2. In the month of January 1997, HTML 3.2 official standard for web design.
4. HTML 4.0 Released in 1998
HTML 4.0 was the last replication of classic HTML but it was a huge step in the progression of HTML. Initially, HTML 4.0 was code-named COUGAR. In December 1997, W3C recommended HTML 4.0 and in April 1998 it became the official standard. Later HTML 4.0 was revised as HTML 4.01 and it included various new features to HTML specifications.
5. XHTML Released in 2000
In the beginning 21st century, HTML and XML join their strengths to become XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language). However, the obvious next version should be 5 but instead, there was XHTML. It was an advancement of HTML mainly focused on semantic code and adhere to standards. In January 2000 it was positioned as joint-standard with HTML 4.01.
6. HTML 5 Released in 2014
HTML 5 follows the previous HTML 4 and XHTML to bring something innovative in the field. It happened when a bunch of tech enthusiasts thought of building something of their own, outside the W3C methodologies. They called themselves as WHATWG which mean Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group. And in October 2014, it was released as a W3C recommendation.
So this was all about HTML and its uses and anyone who wants to start his own website or web application must know basics of HTML. However, there are various website builders in the market which you can use to create a website, without any coding knowledge. And TemplateToaster is one of the best website builders you will ever find. You can construct your own masterpiece with TemplateToaster. HTML has a low learning curve and you can easily learn and implement HTML in your project. You will find a lot of great new tags with HTML 5. Now you have basic knowledge of HTML now, if you need any help then feel free to drop your query in the comments below. I will do my best to provide you every solution.