With a plethora of options available at hand, often designers and developers seem to get lost in a labyrinth while battling with the issue of “Bootstrap vs Foundation”. Through this comparative study between these top two frameworks, we will try to help you out in selecting.


Front end frameworks tend to unload some of your laborious web designing methods. Bootstrap and Foundation are the major participants in this arena.  But drawing a decision to pick one of these two is equivalent to pick one between pizza and pasta. This is a perpetually evolving battle. By providing a thorough Bootstrap vs Foundation comparison, we target at resolving this “full-featured” tussle.

What is a CSS Framework?

In order to build a website, many bypaths seem available for any designer and developer. Selecting the best amongst them is supposedly the greater deal. Frameworks are said to consolidate the designing process which will in turn speed up the entire process. A CSS framework is said to be one which focuses on delivering a package made of the back-end, structured and standardized scripts like HTML5, CSS or Java. This is often mentioned as a front-end framework. Their main aim is to assist people in structuring their pages In this way, you save your time from cumbersome coding. And, you don’t have to redo the code from the scratch, every time.

What Is Its Purpose?

A CSS Framework means to provide an ease in the process of web designing.  This speeds up the entire process of prototyping and building a website.  

  • Provides a standard set of “easy to use” classes.
  • Typography style definitions.
  • Creation of grids.
  • Bring responsiveness and cross-browser compatibility to you.
  • Best suited for prototyping and building sites rapidly.

According to BuiltWith, 11.8% of the top 100,000 websites are supposedly using Bootstrap for their websites. And 2.3% of the top 100,000 websites use Foundation Framework. This provides us a statistical insight into the actual “Bootstrap vs Foundation”. Here at Templatetoaster Bootstrap builder check out best Bootstrap editors and Bootstrap 5.


Responsive Web Design Framework Comparison: Bootstrap vs Foundation

Parameters Bootstrap Foundation
Current Version V 4.0 alpha 6 V 6.4
Preprocessors Less & Sass Sass
Grid system Flexbox-based Floated (flexbox in latest version)
Customization Basic GUI customizer Basic GUI customizer
Community 112k + (stars on Github) 25.8k + (stars on Github)
Browser support Chrome (Mac, Windows, iOS, and Android), Safari (Mac and iOS only), Firefox (Mac and Windows), Opera (Mac and Windows) IE9+ Chrome (Mac, Windows, iOS, and Android), Safari (Mac and iOS only), Firefox (Mac and Windows), Opera (Mac and Windows), IE9+
Design Customizable; a variety of designs. Not that appealing.
Normalization/ Reset reboot.css normalize.css
Inline forms Yes No
License MIT MIT



The most widely used CSS framework using HTML, JS scripts designed by Mark Toto and Jacob Thornton. The earliest of its aim was to design responsive websites with Bootstrap Builder. It has a plethora of features that make the process easy and quick. As they proudly claim, this is made for “folks of all skill levels, devices of all shapes, and projects of all sizes”.


  • Superiority in mobile support.
  • Widest variety of templates.
  • Possess fluid as well as fixed patterns in its grid system.
  • Immense possibilities of its development as a tool in comparison to Foundation.
  • Most of the celebrated custom web development companies prefer this tool.


  • Codes are not that light weighted.


Some Of The Popular Brands Using Bootstrap

  • Lyft
  • Vogue
  • Riot Design
  • Newsweek



It is a front-end CSS framework amazingly designed by ZURB in September 2011. It has a fairly advanced interface in terms of its creativity. Holds compatibility with multiple devices. This responsive framework helps in developing and designing beautiful websites. It is used for buildings products and services as well.


  • Offers finest of the customization abilities.
  • Possess a robust grid system.
  • Supports a rapid development of projects.
  • Contains set of templates and readily available codes.
  • Offers services for sites as well as emails.


  • A tad bit complexity in customization.
  • Modification of codes is tough for beginners.
  • Less popular in comparison to Bootstrap.


Some of the popular brands using Foundation

  • Adobe
  • Amazon
  • Ebay
  • Pixar

Source: Foundation


Foundation 6.4 vs Bootstrap 4 Alpha 6

Both Foundation and Bootstrap have been rigorously updating. These amazing features enhance the entire process and make it smoother. With the latest release in both the designing tools, their features have gotten immensely popular. Let us look at these latest features separately. This, in turn, will lead us to the Bootstrap vs Foundation comparison.

Foundation 6.4 Features:

  • Includes XY grids

The latest version of Foundation includes a strong default grid system namely XY grids. This makes you control the layouts displayed both horizontally and vertically.

  • Flexbox by default

Although there is a feature available which allows the fall back to float-mode, Flexbox is what they recommend.

  • Smooth scrollin”

This feature can be used to create “smooth scroll” behavior for any link available inside the page.

  • Shifted to ES2016 JavaScript

Foundation moved its javascript architecture to ES2016 module-based architecture. If one does not have module bundler. The drop-in compiled JS files in dist/js will provide backward compatibility.

  • Easier prototyping

The process of prototyping and production often confuses people. With this feature, Foundation offers a better way and a “prototype mode” to speed up the prototyping function.


Bootstrap 4 Alpha 6 Features:

  • Rewritten grid system in flexbox

They improved grid system with three major changes. Here, one can disable the grid classes by SASS variable. You can add grid customization section to the documents. You will see also witness simplified grid classes. These changes are available in both standard and flexbox grids.

  • Flexbox by default

Along with flexbox being the default system. There are flexbox grids, also available , apart from standard ones. And new flexbox alignment utility classes at hand for distributing items as well.

  • IE9 support

Bootstrap CSS has released this long awaited update of IE9 support.

  • Forms

With development to Alpha 4, there are significant changes in forms. There are necessary improvements in sizing, alignment, and component layout. The ‘fresh form validation and help text options are ready. And the documentation for forms is simplified too.

  • Automatic equal-width grid columns

Breakpoint-specific column classes can be employed for columns with equal width.

  • Updated and improved Navbar

Earlier there were certain styles for nav components which could not be set by variables. This update takes care of that and also adds some new features to it.

  • Auto margins for easy spacing
  • Change in system fonts

Helvetica/Arial font was old system fonts. They are replaced with a system font stack of modern, and strong fonts. This is done for companies like Apple, Google, Mac, to target the latest devices.  Although, there is no such update available for Linux users.


Why Is Foundation Not As Popular As Bootstrap?

Foundation, as a product of Zurb, focusses on two aspects; providing responsive frameworks for sites and emails. Whereas, Bootstrap had been into Framework designing only and just recently expanded with providing themes. This is again an extension in the same direction. And, it further highlights that Foundation’s efforts were somewhat divergent, unlike Bootstrap. This provides an edge to Bootstrap over Foundation in the Bootstrap vs Foundation combat.

Bootstrap also gets publicity endorsement through Twitter since it was to work exclusively for Twitter. Foundation, on the other hand, remains more of a trade secret. And for novice developers, Bootstrap seems like a piece of cake in front of Foundation. These can be some of the possible reasons behind Bootstrap having a more popular consumer base.

Below is a graphic representation of the both the searches. It is quite evident that both Bootstrap framework and Foundation framework searches are in the zigzag pattern. They are regularly increasing and decreasing, following the same trend. But, bootstrap has double searches meaning double popularity. This affirms its mass hold in the frameworks realm. Thus, helping us with a lot more insight to the issue: Bootstrap vs Foundation.



These two front end frameworks are loaded with latest features. They dominate the web designing market. There are several other Bootstrap alternatives available which can also be tried out. Some of them are mentioned below;


Bootstrap Alternatives

It is a development framework. It is responsible for creating exquisite and responsive layouts using friendly HTML codes.

This is a material design software which is customizable in nature. This tool has a potential to look good on every device.

It is a lightweight, modular, front-end framework. It offers in developing powerful and robust web interfaces.

It is a component library for developers, designers, and product managers. It is based on Vue 2.0 which does not require Jquery.

This is a front-end template that helps in building fast and modern mobile web apps.

This is a framework apt for newbies in the programming field. It is one of the slimmest CSS frameworks available.

This framework provides great technical support. It is also seemingly compatible with all of the major web browsers.

This is one of the most recent CSS web frameworks. This is an open source CSS library using LESS as their preprocessor.

This is one of the most talked-about UI frameworks. It has a modular approach to CSS. This has many libraries of different elements like forms, grids, tables etc.

It is an open source, minimalist UI framework which runs on SASS. It is a simple CSS front end framework with really simplified library and a low learning curve.

With so many front-end frameworks available, there is a reason why Bootstrap and Foundation rule the web ecosystem.


Resolving The Battle

In order to resolve this ongoing Bootstrap vs Foundation combat, you have to decide which framework is apt for you. It should suit your requirements. You must go through the features that framework offers. If they align with your needs then you know which CSS framework you’re supposed to opt for. With given functions, you must not overlook that Foundation is rapidly evolving but Bootstrap CSS maintains its massive community support. Any given CSS framework is deemed to simplify your entire web development process. Foundation is often used as a Bootstrap alternative. In case you’re planning to go for Bootstrap as your framework, then you can use TemplateToaster as a theme design software. It can help you create a website without having any compatibility issues. Since TemplateToaster uses Bootstrap and all the themes designed here are based on it.

But if you feel that Foundation has an upper hand and should induce with our web design software, feel free to provide your views in the comment section below. We will take it into serious consideration. And, while working on developing our software, we can include Foundation as one of the compatible frameworks too.